Federal and State Laws Regulating Youth Employment

Document created by 1050210 on Nov 7, 2014
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Published Date: 03/17/2014


George; Ports

By George Ports


Summer months are fast approaching. Many companies offer summer employment opportunities to high school and college students. Youth that are under the age of 18 are required by law to have a “youth certificate” which can be obtained online from the NC Department of Labor (http://bit.ly/ncdol-y) or from a local NC Department of Social Services office.


In addition to the required “youth certificate,” there are minimum ages established for different types of employment. The US Department of Labor declares certain jobs to be hazardous (HOs-hazardous occupations) for employees under the age of 18 and under the age of 16. Generally youth under the age of 14 may not be employed in any non-agricultural jobs.


The NC Department of Labor has declared a number of jobs as Detrimental Occupations that require a minimum age of 18 such as:


  • Any work which involves the risk of falling a distance of 10 feet or more, including the use of ladders and scaffolds (includes construction workers and firefighters and other emergency personnel under 18);
  • Any work as an electrician or electrician’s helper [NCDOL position that “electrician’s helper” means an employee helping an electrician with live (hot) wires, fuse/breaker boxes, etc. where there is the danger of electrical shock].


For more information on federal and state regulations pertaining to youth employment, go to http://bit.ly/ncdol-ye.