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CareerBuilder recently published a report entitled “The Changing Face of U.S. Jobs”, compiling survey results from more than 90 government and private sector resources, examining nearly 800 occupations, over a period of 14 years from 2001 to 2014.
The purpose of the report was to show how the U.S. workforce has changed over the last 14 years with respect to gender, age, and race/ethnicity. The results were very interesting. For example, the number of occupations held by workers over the age of 55 has doubled since 2001.
There have been many other shifts within the workforce over this same time period. Some of the more interesting statistics are as follows:
- Women held 49% of the jobs in 2014 and held 48% of the jobs in 2001, up 1%. This may seem like a small number, but it represents 4.9 million more female workers.
- Men are gaining in employment in 72% of all occupations, including primarily female-majority occupations such as pharmacists and physical therapists.
- Women are gaining in employment in just 21% of all occupations, including primarily male-majority occupations such as landscape architects and agricultural managers.
- Women have lost ground since 2001 in 48 out of 50 of the highest paying jobs, including CEOs, software developers and surgeons. They are continuing to gain ground as lawyers and political scientists, however.
- In occupations that have lost over 10,000 jobs since 2001, 76% were male-majority occupations.
- In occupations that have gained over 75,000 jobs since 2001, 69% were female-majority occupations.
- While women have dominated 2004-2013 college graduations numbers (5.6 million more women than men during this time period), men continue to dominate higher-paying fields (83% computer science, 79% engineering, 54% law).
- The teenage workforce has dropped by 33% between 2001 and 2014, while workers age 55+ has increased by 40% over the same time period. Workforce numbers aged 22-54 remained relatively unchanged. Older workers (55+) are getting the jobs normally held by after-school aged teenagers.
- Millennials have lost employment share in 69% of all high-paying occupations, and have gained employment share in 29% of jobs previously held by teenage workers (cashiers, fast food cooks, dishwashers, etc.)
- Workers aged 55+ in 2001 made up 25% of 86 occupations surveyed. In 2014, workers aged 55+ made up 25% of 210 occupations surveyed.
Race / Ethnicity -
- Hispanic / Latino workers held 13% of U.S. jobs in 2014, up from 11% in 2001. Asian workers held 5% of U.S. jobs in 2014, up from 4% in 2001. African American workers held 12% of U.S. jobs in 2014, unchanged from 2001. White workers held 69% of U.S. jobs in 2014, down from 71% in 2001.
- Hispanic / Latino workers gained in 96% of occupations, such as dental assistants, loan officers and service unit operators in oil, gas and mining.
- Asian workers gained in 90% of occupations, such as software developers, skincare specialists and pharmacists.
- African American workers gained in 22% of occupations and in 44% of the 50 highest paying jobs, such as internists, pilots and lawyers.
- Although white workers lost share in most occupations, including all 50 of the highest paying jobs, they remain the majority in 95% of all occupations surveyed.
You can read more details in the complete survey report here.