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An employee’s ability to recover damages from work-related injuries and/or illnesses outside of benefits provided by the North Carolina Workers’ Compensation Act is extremely limited. It has been long standing that workers’ compensation benefits are the exclusive remedy for work-related injuries and/or illnesses.
The exclusive remedy position was altered, however, by the 1991 North Carolina Supreme Court decision in the case of Woodson v. Rowland. In this landmark decision, the court held that where an employer intentionally engages in conduct, knowing that such is certain to cause an employee to suffer serious injury or death, the employee or its representatives may pursue actions against an employer in civil court. Such actions, if successful, can result in monetary damages that far exceed those awarded in workers’ compensation claims.
Claimants and their attorneys have not been successful in pursuing Woodson claims due to high legal hurdles. Subsequent court decisions have ruled that claimants or their representatives must be able to establish that the employer’s dangerous or hazardous conduct was substantially certain to occur, adding that the activity or conduct in question was inherently dangerous.
Although most Woodson claims have not made it to trial, the exception does still exist. Any time an employee is involved in a work-related accident that results in serious injury or death there is the possibility that an aggressive claimant’s attorney will pursue the exclusivity exception established by the North Carolina Supreme Court’s decision in Woodson v Rowland.
There are several lessons that you can take-a-way from the Woodson ruling, which include:
If you have any questions pertaining to your workers compensation or safety program(s) please give our Advice and Resolution team a call today !
To review a detailed article published about this North Carolina Supreme Court decision, go to http://scholarship.law.campbell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1235&context=clr.